4 Types of Dental Bridges

4 Types of Dental Bridges

by Alex Hirsch (SU)

There are few embarrassments as powerful as that of having missing teeth. Having one or more missing teeth is much more than a cosmetic issue – it will affect the way your mouth and jaw function, and it will expose that part of the gums to unnatural pressure. Chewing food is therefore concentrated on the remaining teeth, which is not how the mouth is designed to work. 

Missing teeth can affect the way you eat and speak, and it can compromise mouth health and jaw health. Fortunately, there are effective, permanent solutions to missing teeth, such as dental bridges.

A bridge literally bridges the gap in your mouth with a prosthetic tooth. Let’s talk about some of the types of teeth bridges and how they work.

Popular Types of Tooth Bridges

Today, advancements in dental bridge technology provide four main options to bridge the gap left behind by one or more missing teeth. Materials for dental bridges may include gold, metal alloys, and porcelain. Your dentist will choose the most suitable one for your condition.

1. Traditional Dental Bridges 

The traditional style of dental bridges works when there are natural, healthy teeth on both sides of the gap. The dentist will place a crown, also called an abutment, on each tooth on either side of the gap in order to anchor the prosthetic tooth (called a “pontic”) in place.

This is the most popular kind of dental bridge. The only downside to this procedure is that the enamel of the two healthy teeth must be filed down a bit in order to make room for the cementing of the abutment.

2. Cantilever Bridges 

Cantilever bridges are often recommended by dentists for patients who have only one natural tooth next to the gap. It is a type of tooth restoration that can only be supported on one side. 

However, this type of dental bridge has the potential for complications such as teeth fractures. That is because there isn’t as much physical support for this type of bridge as with the other options, since only one tooth or crown is supporting it.

3. Maryland Bonded Bridges

This type of dental bridge is when the pontic is held in the back with a porcelain or metal backing (called a “framework”), which is fastened onto the backs of the two adjacent healthy teeth. The backing is bonded to the teeth on either side. 

Since this type of bridge does not require crowns, the adjacent teeth do not need to be filed down. This type of dental bridge is usually recommended for patients who are missing one or more front teeth and is not really suitable for areas subjected to stronger biting force.

4. Fixed Implant Bridges 

Dental implant-supported bridges are also called fixed implant bridges. If your dentist recommends this, it is because you have two or more missing teeth in a row. With no natural teeth upon which to attach crowns, the bridges are attached to dental implants.

Dental Bridges in Eugene, Oregon 

Our dental team here at 360 Dental create a caring and relaxing atmosphere for our patients. If you have one or more missing teeth, let us show you your options for bridging the gap. 

Call our friendly staff today at (541) 689-1645 or request an appointment now by filling out our online form. We look forward to seeing you!